藝文專區

助產序曲—陳建北個展

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    1. 場次1:
    2. 日期:2019-02-09 ~ 2019-03-24
    3. 時間:10:00-18:00 (週一休館)
    4. 地址:台北市MOCAStudio(台北市大同區103長安西路39號)
  • 存入行事曆


  • 陳建北於2016年底在臺南駐村期間,當時在構思明清府城議題時,由於身處舊城區的氛圍中,他的兒時記憶不禁被喚醒。其中對他印象最為鮮明的,莫過於家族中的耆老,對於人丁興旺與開枝散葉所寄予的關心。

    生兒育女之事,在過去的那個年代,始終被認為是妻子理所當然的責任。陳建北聽聞家中的大媽流產經驗之憾及母親談論南港外婆的一生境遇,強烈感受到當時女性所承受的壓力,絕非現代人所能想像。臺灣光復後的40年代後期和50 ~ 60年代間,人們民生醫療習慣較少進出醫院或診所就診,而當時家庭普遍多子,生產顯然是生死交關之事,但因經濟因素使然,大多數人都是由產婆所接生的。助產士的人生故事因此深深吸引著陳建北。

    「助產序曲」這個展覽,希望透過助產士—顏桂英女士及當時被她接生的婦女訪談開始,慢慢勾勒出那個時代關於生產、婦女社會處境及傳宗接代的重要性。

    展覽走廊盡頭觀眾可見到傳統嫁妝—生子椅,入口牆面的府城地圖標示出顏女士服務的區域,也隱喻了時代的差異性。而進入展間的八部影片作品是由藝術家的探查研究,訪談顏女士及被她接生的婦女之生產經驗。透過受訪者的口述,走入當時特殊的文化背景—生產的民間禁忌、特殊的生產經驗及子嗣傳承與女性家中地位……等等議題,形成這個展覽的主結構。在展間最後的徵信活動,透過一封封關於孕育、生產時期的個人心情信件,傳遞情感給重要的人,反思現代人的親情疏離。「助產序曲」不只是探討傳統與現代,更可反推研究日本殖民時代至清朝年代易被忽略的歷史文化背景,對於生產與孕育的議題探討,於陳建北與我們自身都只是個開始。

     

    Chen Chien-Pei spent the closing months of 2016 stationed at a village in Tainan, conducting research on the subject of Old Tainan during the Ming and Qing Dynasties. Immersed in the ambience of the old city, his childhood memories began to stir, none more so vivid than those of the elderly members in his household, and their singular devotion towards the continued prosperity and efflorescence of the family tree.

     

    In that day and age, childbearing and the rearing of children were presumed to be the natural duty of the wife. Recounting the anguish following his aunt’s miscarriage and his mother’s account of her own mother’s predicament whilst in Nangang, Chen Chien-Pei intensely sensed that the burden weighing upon these women was far greater than what modern society could conceive of. In the years following Taiwan’s Retrocession and between the ‘50s and ‘60s, as the general populace was still unaccustomed to hospital or clinical check-ups, and as a typical household would have borne multiple offspring, each childbirth inexorably became a desperate grapple between life and death. And as economic factors compelled most families to turn to midwives for support, the story of the midwife, of her life and her work, became a subject of deep fascination for Chen Chien-Pei.

     

    Through a series of interviews with the midwife Yan Guai-ing and the many women she delivered, Midwife Overture gradually delineates the contours of that period—in childbirth, the social predicament of women, and the all-consuming purpose of bearing a male heir. At the end of the exhibition corridor, visitors will find placed a traditional dowry—a birthing chair; a map of Old Tainan by the entrance not only marks the territory which Mrs. Yan serviced, but also allegorizes the stark contrasts between the two eras. In the screening room, an eight-part series of the artist’s field research is showcased; firsthand accounts of the trial by ordeal that Mrs. Yan and the mothers were subjected to during each childbirth. Through their personal narratives, we foray into the cultural backdrop of their generation—proverbial taboos for expectant mothers, memorable encounters during deliveries, family bloodlines and legacies, as well as the woman’s role in the household…together these topics shape the groundwork of this exhibition. Finally, on display are personal letters solicited from the general public, each bearing heartfelt messages dedicated to their significant other on pregnancy, motherhood, and nurturing, offering a reassessment on family and intimacy in modern society. Midwife Overture not only is an exploration of tradition and the modern, but further reflects upon a segment of history easily neglected in our historical studies from the Japanese colonial period to the Qing Dynasty. For both us and Chen Chien-Pei himself, engaging in dialogue on the subject of childbirth and pregnancy is but a mere beginning.